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Thursday, September 23, 2010

Education Through the Physical: Teaching with Objectives (255)

In physical education, we educate students through the physical across the tree domains: Psychomotor, Affective, and Psychomotor. The psychomotor objective is the actual physical task the students are performing. The affective objective deals with the personal and social behavior of the student. The cognitive objective relates to information or knowledge. Creating objectives is much more than stating, "The class will play basketball," "Students will be nice." Here's the formula for writing great, physical education objectives:
SITUATION, TASK CRITERIA.

When writing objectives on a lesson plan, always write the situation followed by a comma, next the task and then underline the criteria.
“Situation,” is always first. When is this happening? Before class? During the introduction? Throughout the lesson? At the end of the lesson?
“Task” is what the students are doing. The “task” is something that can be observed. Are the students rolling a ball back and forth? Taking a written exam? Giving high fives to their classmates?
"Criteria" is always measurable. "Criteria" is broken down into two subcategories which are product and process. A "product criteria" measures the quantity. "Product criteria" means that the focus is on repetition rather than on skill execution or how well the task was performed. Examples of "product criteria" could include “performs 3/5 times,” or even “in succession for 30 seconds.”A" process criteria" measures the quality.Process criteria means that the focus is on the successfulness of the skill execution rather than the repetition of the task. An example of process criteria could be “performs task with all 3 cues."

When we write objectives in physical education, they must meet both the NYS and NASPE standards. Teaching to the standards is what makes physical education programs more reliable and therefore more difficult to cut. Listed below are the NYS and NASPE standards for teaching physical education.

New York State Physical Education Learning Standards
Standard One: Personal health and Fitness
Students will have the necessary knowledge and skills to establish and maintain physical fitness, participate in physical activity, and maintain health.
Standard Two: A Safe and Healthy Environment
Students will acquire the knowledge and ability necessary to create and maintain a safe and healthy environment.
Standard Three: Resource Management
Students will understand and be able to manage their personal and community resources.

NASPE Learning Standards
Standard 1: Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
Standard 2: Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
Standard 3: Participates regularly in physical activity.
Standard 4: Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.
Standard 5: Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.
Standard 6: Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction.

Homework Assignment: Go onto the Cortland Physical Education website and download the 2010 lesson plan template. It can be found by clicking on “Resource” in the section on the left side of the screen. Once downloaded, please type in a psychomotor, affective, and cognitive objective that could pertain to your teaching from Lab 1B. Remember, when writing an objective: SITUATION, TASK CRITERIA. Also, be sure to fill out which NYS and NASPE learning standards this objective is meeting. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to ask Dr. Yang or any of your TA’s… we are here to help!
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